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Temperance – strengths of self-restraint



Controlling your actions, thoughts and feelings to meet your goals.

Why does self-control matter?

People with self-control remain in charge of what they think, their actions and the feelings they experience. It is about being disciplined in order to meet the goals you have set for yourself.

What does self-control look like?

Students with self-control might:

  • meet deadlines before time;
  • come organised to class;
  • listen to others;
  • regulate their emotions;
  • resist procrastination.

Teachers with self-control might:

  • role model the behaviours that are expected of students;
  • commit to a schedule for marking assessments;
  • be consistent by regulating their emotions;
  • follow through on their learning plans in a structured way.



The ability to accurately perceive and evaluate yourself – including your strengths and weaknesses.

Why does humility matter?

Humility is about seeing the concept of yourself within the ‘bigger picture’ of the world. You do not regard yourself as more special that anyone else and do not seek the spotlight. Humility is about modesty and letting your accomplishments speak for themselves.

What does humility look like?

Students with humility might:

  • keep a positive focus on their team and classmates;
  • downplay their achievements;
  • be respected by their peers for having a focus outside of themselves.

Teachers with humility might:

  • celebrate the achievements of their students and peers and let others shine;
  • ask questions about others;
  • work collaboratively as part of a team.



The ability to think carefully and plan for the attainment of long term goals.

Why does prudence matter?

Prudence is about being careful with one's choices. People strong in prudence think and act in ways that are conducive to the attainment of long term goals and aspirations. They plan for the future and carefully consider how their decisions will affect outcomes. This involves the ability to regulate behaviours and emotions in the short term so they do not impact on long term goals. Prudent people do not take undue risks and will not do or say things that could be regretted later. This strength is related to careful and wise decision making. 

What does prudence look like?

Students with prudence might:

  • revise and plan for their assessments and examinations;
  • be organised and prepared for class and deadlines;
  • be responsible and always follow through on commitments.

Teachers with prudence might:

  • assess student work carefully;
  • meet all deadlines and take their professional role as a teacher seriously;
  • plan their units of work carefully.



The ability to accept the shortcomings of others and to move on from challenges.

Why does forgiveness matter?

Forgiveness is about giving people a second chance after they have done wrong. People strong in this strength prefer to move on after a transgression. They value harmonious relationships and do not focus on the wrongdoings or shortcomings of other people. Forgiveness is important in building relationships as it releases judgement and allows people to grow and change.

What does forgiveness look like?

Students with forgiveness might:

  • focus on the positives of people and be accepting;
  • make others feel valued;
  • be empathetic and understanding.

Teachers with forgiveness might:

  • create a positive and safe class environment where all students feel valued and accepted;
  • move on from any transgressions in class;
  • focus on the positives and strengths of students.